Excavation is the process of removing soil, sand, gravel, etc. to create an excavation site in order to construct a structure such as a building or roadway.
Excavation may also refer to excavation equipment used for excavation work and excavation management services.
The environmental health and safety steps that need to be taken during excavation are very important so you should take them into consideration before beginning any type of earthwork or excavating work.
Environmental and safety steps to take before excavation
1 – Conduct a site inspection and assess the excavation work area. Consider any environmental, safety or health hazards that may be present.
You have to go out there and take a look at the place. Is it safe? What’s going on with all of these hazards, what are they doing about them? Look around for some problems so you don’t risk injury or any accident for everyone.
2 – Read all pertinent laws and regulations related to excavation in your country, province/state, or territory of operation. The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) awareness is very vital.
Before you can start excavating, make sure to read all pertinent laws and regulations related to excavation in your country. OSHA also has some very important safety tips that we suggest reading before beginning an excavation project of any size or scale.
3 – Make sure you have all the proper equipment, including a hard hat and gloves.
The excavation process can be a dangerous undertaking, but if you’re properly prepared, you should have no problem managing excavation work. Remember to wear all of your safety equipment at all times while on the job site: hard hat, gloves, high visibility vest, or jacket in case construction workers are near.
Maintain a site cleanliness standard, requiring all personnel and equipment to be cleaned off before entering the excavation area.
Also, employees need to use hygiene practices (handwashing) when handling excavated materials or coming in contact with soil.
4 – Be aware of any underground utilities before starting work.
When working in excavation, you must be aware of any underground utilities before starting work. You should always contact the utility company to identify and mark any known buried lines so that excavation can proceed with safety precautions.
Failure to do this may result in injury or death if excavation equipment inadvertently damages a gas line, water pipe, phone cable or electrical wiring. Check for gas leaks before starting any work!
Be sure that excavation work is properly scheduled to avoid conflicts with other activities.
5 – Don’t use explosives without permission from authorities – they’re very dangerous.
Explosions are not only useless for excavation, they can actually be harmful. The force of the explosions may hit a person with debris and cause damage to their body.
Explosive excavations have been banned by most governing bodies due to previous incidents where rocks were launched in all directions from an explosion site at dangerous speeds, causing injury or death on impact.
If permitted, however, the excavation site should be cleared before blasting to ensure that no people or equipment will be harmed by flying debris. The excavation area must also have an evacuation plan in case of emergencies such as a gas leak.
Explosive charges can sometimes cause unwanted and unforeseen consequences, so it’s best to leave this type of excavation work to the professionals.
6 – Stay away from anything that might be contaminated or hazardous to your health, such as lead paint and asbestos.
When you’re doing excavation work, it’s important to stay away from anything that might be hazardous or toxic. Lead paint and asbestos are just a few things on the list of “things not to touch” when digging up your land for construction purposes.
Lead is a naturally occurring heavy metal that can cause serious health issues if not properly removed from the environment. Asbestos exposure has been linked to cancerous tumors in human tissue after being inhaled for a long period of time or when microscopic particles enter through cuts on the skin. While most people do their best to avoid these hazardous materials during construction processes, it’s important you know what they are just in case!
7 – Protect yourself against the sun by wearing sunscreen and sunglasses.
Protect yourself against the sun by wearing sunscreen and sunglasses, when doing any outdoor work. It’s important to protect your skin so you don’t get a nasty sunburn or worse yet-melanoma! Sunglasses will also keep harmful UV rays out of your eyes and help prevent cataracts later in life.
Be mindful of the heat and take precautions to stay cool – don’t do too much heavy lifting in hot weather, drink lots of water during breaks if you need them or replenish electrolytes with sports drinks.
Wear light clothing that is loose-fitting and lightweight so you can keep air circulating around your body while trying not to be a sweaty mess!
8 – Do nothing that will cause erosion or pollution in nearby streams, rivers, or lakes.
We should always do our best to avoid any activities that will cause erosion or pollution in nearby streams, rivers, and lakes.
Don’t harm waterways. Leave the land and water cleaner than when you found it so that generations of animals can thrive in their natural habitats for years to come.
One of the most important things to remember when it comes to excavation work is that you must take proper precautions.
The best way to do this is by hiring a professional company that provides a wide range of equipment for all your excavation needs from heavy-duty excavators to mini-excavators. Whether it is for commercial or residential work, they should have the right machinery that will suit your project’s needs.